As tax season approaches, Canadian taxpayers may encounter various forms that are essential for accurate tax filing and reporting. One such form that can be crucial for individuals undergoing significant life changes is Form T2091(IND), also known as the “Designation of a Property as a Principal Residence by an Individual (Other Than a Personal Trust).” In this blog post, we will delve into the details of Form T2091(IND), its purpose, and how it applies to Canadian taxpayers.

  1. What is Form T2091(IND)?

Form T2091(IND) is a document provided by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) that serves as a declaration by an individual to designate a property as their principal residence for specific tax years. This form is used when an individual sells or disposes of their property and wants to claim the principal residence exemption to avoid or minimize capital gains tax.

  1. Purpose of Form T2091(IND):

The primary purpose of Form T2091(IND) is to establish a property as a taxpayer’s principal residence for specific years, thereby making it eligible for the principal residence exemption. The principal residence exemption allows individuals to exclude the capital gains realized on the sale of their principal residence from their taxable income.

  1. Key Components of Form T2091(IND):

a. Property Information: Taxpayers must provide detailed information about the property in question, including its address, date of acquisition, and date of disposition (sale).

b. Principal Residence Period: The form requires taxpayers to specify the period during which the property was used as their principal residence. This period determines the eligibility for the principal residence exemption.

c. Calculation of Capital Gain: Taxpayers must calculate the capital gain accrued on the property’s sale and indicate the eligible amount for the principal residence exemption.

  1. When to File Form T2091(IND):

Taxpayers are required to file Form T2091(IND) when they dispose of a property that was their principal residence for one or more years within the ownership period. It is crucial to file the form for each year the property was designated as a principal residence to claim the appropriate exemption.

  1. Eligibility for the Principal Residence Exemption:

To qualify for the principal residence exemption, the property must meet certain criteria:

a. It must be the taxpayer’s principal residence for at least one year during the ownership period.

b. The property must not have been used primarily for business or rental purposes during the ownership period.

c. Taxpayers can only claim the exemption for one property at a time.

  1. Reporting Foreign Property:

If the property in question is located outside of Canada, taxpayers must also file Form T1135, the “Foreign Income Verification Statement,” if the total cost of their foreign property exceeds specific thresholds.


Form T2091(IND) plays a crucial role in helping Canadian taxpayers designate their property as a principal residence and claim the associated exemption on capital gains tax. By accurately completing this form and meeting the eligibility criteria, taxpayers can ensure compliance with tax regulations and maximize their tax benefits. However, tax laws can be complex, and individual circumstances may vary, so it is advisable to seek professional advice from a tax expert or accountant to ensure proper filing and optimization of tax benefits. As with all tax-related matters, staying informed and making informed decisions will lead to a smoother and more financially beneficial tax-filing experience.